The Malagon Sisters were a successful Dominican all-female trio that emerged publically in 1949. The Sisters, known for their exuberant song and dance performances, captured the attention of an American public entranced by the magic of television.
The legacy of the Malagon Sisters spans across many diverse communities. They were one of the first Dominican musical acts to successfully cross over into the wider American music scene, contributing to the exposure of merengue, cha-cha-chá, and other Latin American genres to a wide spectrum of audiences.
The Malagon sisters, along with their parents, arrived in the United States in 1940. Their father, Agustin Malagon Jr., was a former Dominican diplomat and had served as ambassador to Haiti and Venezuela. Their mother, Carmen Pierre-Louise Malagon, was the daughter of a Haitian diplomat to Venezuela.
Agustin and Carmen had four daughters born in the Dominican Republic and Haiti: Carmen Amelia Malagon (1922-1991), Haydeé Malagon (1926-1963), Gladys Elisa Malagon (1929- ), and Virginia Malagon (1939- ). All four daughters spoke French, Spanish, and English fluently.
It was Carmen Amelia who created the original Malagon Sisters trio with Haydeé as the leader. Haydeé, a trained guitarist, also played the conga and the drums. Carmen Amelia sang soprano and maneuvered among the guiro, tambourine, and maracas. Gladys Elisa sang mezzo-soprano. The youngest sister, Virginia, who is still living, became part of the trio years later.
By 1945, the trio had opened at La Rumba on 854 Amsterdam Avenue in Manhattan. This well-known restaurant, which served as a performance space for the Latin American artistic community, gave the Sisters their first big break in the music business. Their talents and musical creativity were noted by other musicians and performers who often invited the Sisters to join them in their presentations at La Rumba.
November of 1949 proved to be a pivotal year for the Malagon Sisters whose musical talents reached what was considered crossover status at the time. On November 2, 1949, William O’ Dwyer, New York City mayor invited the Malagon Sisters to join him in his bid for reelection. With the Sisters on board, O’ Dwyer’s political strategists sought to secure the support of the Latin American voters, particularly of the growing Puerto Rican population, to win the mayor’s reelection.
In April of 1950, the Sisters participated in the grand festival El Diario de Nueva York, performing alongside highly celebrated Latin American artists of the caliber of Diosa Costello from Puerto Rico, Alberto Socarrás from Cuba, and the Dominican Rafael Petitón Guzmán.
In the same year, the Malagon Sisters reached mass media audiences in mainstream society with their first television appearance on the Bonnie Maid Versatile Varieties show. Their fame continued to skyrocket and by 1955, the Sisters signed with Decca Records recording the songs “Oyeme Mamá” and “Negra Merengue” with an orchestra led by Cuban pianist Facundo Rivero. Decca Records released the songs on a single, double-sided 45-rpm record in August of 1955.
In New York City, the Malagon Sisters performed at Chateau Madrid, a well-known venue in Manhattan that boasted celebrities from throughout the Latin American and Caribbean regions. On March 2nd, 1956, the trio performed at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, alongside Mae Barnes, who had an established trajectory in Broadway as a singer and comedian. By this time, the Malagon Sisters had also solidified their fame beyond the U.S. and had broadened their scope. The Sisters performed “Oyeme Mamá” and "Negra Merengue" in El vividor, a Mexican film released in Mexico on July 11, 1956.
The following year, on June 9, the Sisters debuted on the Ed Sullivan Show, a highly popular and reputable American television program, boasting guests such as The Beatles, Elvis Presley, The Rolling Stones, and The Supremes. The show aired from 1948 until 1971, and introduced U.S. audiences to a spectrum of music genres.
Songs performed by the Malagon Sisters represented the growing popularity of Afro-Cuban music during this decade in U.S. history. On the Ed Sullivan Show, they performed “El Cumbanchero,” written by the Puerto Rican Rafael Hernández Marín, and “Babalu” by Cuban composer Margarita Lecuona. Lecuona’s song in particular became a popular cultural reference for the United States, further exposing U.S. audiences to the music of Latin American. “Babalu” was popularized by Cuban bandleader and actor Desi Arnaz on the hit show I Love Lucy. I Love Lucy featured actress Lucille Ball, Arnaz’s real life wife.
By 1958, the trio changed their lineup. Gladys Malagon moved to Puerto Rico and the remaining members hired an artist named Nilda to step in. That same year, the Malagon Sisters recorded and released two songs that landed on Billboard Magazine’s popular music charts: “Lessons in Cha Cha Cha” and “In a Little Spanish Town.”
By the 1960s, the trio changed again. Performer Myrna Martinez replaced Haydeé Malagon, who became terminally ill and passed away in 1963. A year before, in December of 1962, the group performed on television for the last time on a musical variety show in London called Broadway Goes Latin. Famous Puerto Rican musician, Tito Puente, was the show’s principal musical act during the episode.
Eventually, the fourth Malagon Sister, Virgina, was recruited and became part of the trio. By the mid-1960s, the Malagon Sisters continued to perform in venues around the world, such as the Palladium in London, the Olympia in Paris, Monte Carlo Casino in Monaco, and the Latin Quarter in New York City. The Sisters continued to perform alongside renowned artists such as Harry Belafonte and Xavier Cugat.
The Malagon Sisters’ successful career spanned nearly two decades with a variety of collaborations and recognition to audiences both nationally and internationally.
 The festival was named after El Diario de Nueva York.
 “Featured Artists.” edsullivan.com, 2019, http://www.edsullivan.com/all-artists/. Accessed 15 November 2019.
 Contreras, Felix. “Ricky Ricardo: The 'Mr. Babalu' Next Door.” NPR, 18 May. 2008, https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90535612. Accessed 15 November 2019.